The Carthusian cats are notorious for their unique blue-gray fur. The French beauties are popular with long-time cat fans and newcomers to keeping cats. After all, the Carthusians are known for their uncomplicated and gentle nature.
Whether as a single cat or in the family: the Carthusian cat feels at home in any composition. Because of her French origins, the cuddly chick is also known under the name “Chartreux”.
Origin and Breed History
The Carthusian cat is one of the oldest bred cat breeds. This may also be due to the fact that all gray-blue long-haired cats were called Carthusians until the 1920s. These included, for example, the Maltese cat and the historical Angora cat. From that point on, however, the Carthusian cat, also called Chartreux, was defined and bred as an independent breed.
In common usage today, due to this history, the British Shorthair and the Russian Blue are incorrectly referred to as Carthusian cats. Both cat breeds are also distinguished by a significant blue-gray coat. It is also wrong that the Chartreux originates from the Carthusian monks.
In 1920, a pair of siblings began breeding Chartreux cats in France. Breeding faced many difficulties during the war. British Shorthair or Russian Blue cats were often crossbred. As a result, the Carthusian gene pool was “watered down”. Nowadays, breeders pay close attention to the fact that the Carthusians have the characteristics typical of their breed. It was not until 1977 that the Carthusian cat or Chartreux was officially recognized as an independent cat breed.
Appearance of The Carthusian Cat
First of all, of course, the blue-gray or gray, fluffy fur of the Chartreux catches the eye. This is short and has a thick undercoat. Under no circumstances should it have any shading, markings or even patterns: the Carthusian cat fur may only be monochrome.
There are also strict rules for eye color. Green is taboo and only yellow and amber tones are allowed in breeders’ circles. The Carthusian eyes are large and only slightly rounded.
The physique of a Chartreux should be able to tell whether it is a cat or a tomcat. While the female cats have a more delicate figure and a smaller, more compact face, the Carthusian male cats are very large and muscular. Typical for a Chartreux tomcat are the broad nose and the thick, imposing cheeks.
All in all, all Carthusians have a rather strong build. The medium-sized cats have muscular chests and large paws. Carthusian males weigh on average 6 – 7 kg. The Chartreux women weigh 4 – 6 kg.
Character and Essence
The fluffy kitties are very adaptable and, thanks to their loving, calm and uncomplicated nature, are popular in every area. The Carthusian cat is the ideal pet, especially for a family with small children. She is very affectionate and quickly falls in love with her new owner, but can still spend a few hours alone.
Overall, the Carthusians are very sociable and get along with all residents, including dogs. Since they do not need constant attention like many other cat breeds, they are sometimes referred to as “solitary”. But that doesn’t mean that the cute pussies don’t enjoy spending time with you. On the contrary: the Chartreux cats love to cuddle and cuddle.
With age, the Chartreux cats become a little quieter, but still want to be part of family life. However, the soft kittens can no longer bear the noise and hectic pace so well.
Husbandry and Nutrition
Thanks to her uncomplicated nature, the Chartreux is very open and versatile when it comes to keeping conditions. The Carthusian can be kept very well in the apartment or in a house. Of course, the dear kitty is happy to have an additional run. A balcony or a garden are not a must for the Chartreux. In addition, the fluffy French woman can be kept as an outdoor cat. As a rule, however, the Carthusians never move very far from your house.
The Carthusian cat needs cuddling units as well as love and attention from people. Nevertheless, the cute animal can also be busy on its own and does not have to be entertained around the clock. Another indication of how uncomplicated this breed of cats is.
In any case, you should give the cat its own space. Here she can enjoy the time alone, come to rest and recover from the stressful everyday life. So that the Carthusians never get bored, you can equip their own place with a scratching post and cat toys.
Who would have thought it: The Chartreux does not make any great demands when it comes to the choice of feed. However, you should note that the Carthusians become more and more lazy with age. Then reduce the amount of food to prevent obesity.
Education and Care
The upbringing of the Chartreux is of course not difficult. The friendly and adaptable cat quickly fits into a new family. If the Carthusian comes from a stable family, she socializes quickly and becomes house-trained in a short time. At most it can happen that the calm being appears a bit reserved and shy at first.
An unruly coat and annoying hair loss? No problems that owners of a Carthusian cat have to struggle with. The Chartreux cat fur is very easy to care for and only needs to be brushed once a week. For many kittens, the ritual of brushing is something very special. You enjoy the feeling and experience it as a connecting event.
Health and Typical Diseases
The Carthusian cat has very robust health and is not susceptible to disease. In a few isolated cases, however, the Chartreux can develop the patellar luxation disease that is typical of the breed. This results in a kneecap dislocation, which in the long term can lead to the development of arthritis. The disease is favored by a misalignment of the upper and lower legs. In any case, you should involve a veterinarian in this.
The health of the Carthusians can also be endangered by breeding. If females of blood group B are paired with males of blood group AB or A, the Carthusian kittens can dissolve blood cells. In addition, inbreeding among Chartreux cats can lead to disease.
Life expectancy of the Chartreux
The Chartreux can – thanks to its good health – live up to 18 years. On average, the cats of the Carthusian breed reach an age of 15 to 18 years. The fluffy kittens are adults from 2 years.
Buy Carthusian cat breed
If you want to buy a Carthusian monastery, there are two options: Either you look around the animal shelter or you look for a reputable breeder. At the animal shelter you can purchase the Chartreux for an animal welfare fee of around 150 to 200 dollars.
If you decide on a breeding cat, you should definitely inform yourself exactly. Make sure that the Carthusians come from clean and calm backgrounds and a stable family. In addition, you should make sure that the parents of your Carthusian monks are healthy and do not have any hereditary diseases before buying. A reputable breeder will let you know in advance. In addition, this should guarantee that the Carthusian kitten is chipped, wormed and vaccinated.
If you want to buy a Carthusian from a trustworthy breeder, you should expect a price of around 1000 dollars. You should stay away from an offer for 300 dollars. With such low sales prices, breeding usually saves on health care or species-appropriate keeping conditions.
Are you looking for a lovely family cat or are you just looking for your first own kitty? Then the adaptable and uncomplicated Chartreux is the right choice for you. She does not require any extensive maintenance and the fluffy kitty does not have any complicated requirements when it comes to keeping it.
In contrast to most pedigree cats, the Carthusians manage to occupy themselves on their own. She doesn’t need constant love and attention, but still loves to spend time with her “human family”.
In addition, the Chartreux naturally scores with its fluffy and unique fur. There is simply nothing better than stroking through the thick, blue-gray hair or cuddling with the cute and fluffy kitten after a hard day at work.
FAQ about the Carthusian cat
The average price for a Carthusian cat is between 700 and 1000 Dollars.
If they are from a healthy breed, Carthusian cats have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.
Carthusian monks grow for a relatively long time and are only fully grown at 2-4 years of age.
Female Carthusians weigh 4 to 5 kg, while male Carthusians weigh 6 to 7 kg.