Dog First Aid


Last week there was a traffic accident in Bielefeld in which a dog was seriously injured. The animal was lucky in the accident, the fire brigade was quickly on site. After the first aid on site, the dog was taken to the nearest veterinary clinic.

But what if no quick help is possible? In this case it is important that the dog owner knows the most important measures for first aid with the dog.

The stable side position

In order to treat an injury , it is first important to bring the dog into the stable side position . To do this, the animal is placed on its uninjured side. If the dog is unconscious , it is important that the head is lower than the body.

To prevent the dog from choking , you should pull the tongue out of the mouth and use your fingers to clear the throat of vomit.

In the meantime, the vet should be contacted. If the practice is not manned, there is usually an announcement with an emergency number . In order to protect yourself against high veterinary costs , animal health insurances such as  SantéVet offer  various tariffs.

Check Breathing

Whether the dog is breathing can be seen by the raising and lowering of the chest. A mirror can also be used as an aid . If this is fogged up, breathing is intact. If there is no breathing, the dog must be ventilated.

To do this, you should bring the animal into the stable side position and overstretch the neck. The tongue is placed between the front teeth and the lips are held together. Then take a deep breath and exhale in a controlled manner through the dog’s nose. During ventilation, a check is made to see if the chest rises and falls. The dog must be ventilated until its own breathing starts again.

If there is no breathing , the dog’s heartbeat must also be checked. The femoral artery is best suited for this. This is located on the inside of the thigh in the area of ​​the groin.

A measurable pulse should be felt when pressing lightly with two fingers. The heartbeat can also be felt on the left side of the chest. To do this, place your hand about 5 cm behind the elbow joint. If there is no heartbeat, cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be started immediately .

Lay the dog on its right side, straighten the neck and take the tongue out of its mouth. Kneeling at chest level, place the ball of the hand on the chest approx. 5 cm behind the elbow joint.

Place the ball of the other hand over it and squeeze the dog’s chest twice a second with your arms straight. After 30 repetitions, ventilate the dog twice and repeat the process 30 times again.

Transport to The Veterinary Clinic

As soon as the first aid is completed, the animal must be taken to a veterinarian or the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. In order to avoid further injuries, appropriate care must be taken during transport.

In the best case, the injured dog is carried by two people using a blanket or other support. Always transport unconscious animals in a stable position on their right side.

If the dog is being carried by a single person, the injured area should always be on the opposite side. If the animal’s legs or paws are injured, let them hang down freely. If a bone is broken, however, the corresponding area must be stored in a stable manner.


Divyesh Patel