Origin with Racial History
Opinions differ about the origin of the Persian cat. It is believed, however, that it comes from Iran (former Persia). The Persian cat was probably created from a cross between a Nordic longhair cat and a Turkish Angora cat. This cross also explains the typical long and soft coat.
The Persian cat, which got its name from its presumed country of origin, spread in Iran and earlier Persia.
The targeted breeding of Persian cats began in England around the middle of the 19th century. In the late 1970s, Persian breeding was booming, especially in the United States.
Calm and reserved, that is probably the best way to describe the Persian cat. In contrast to other conspecifics, it has a weaker hunting instinct. This also has an impact on their posture.
Appearance of the Persian Cat
At the beginning of Persian breeding, the color varieties were still limited. Black, white and blue. Over time, however, the color spectrum has expanded. Nowadays almost all colors are possible. New colors such as lilac or chocolate are now increasingly being bred.
A stocky build, short legs and long fur are typical features of the appearance of a Persian cat. The flattened noses were only created through different cultivations. The snub nose has become another typical feature of the Persians that distinguishes them from other cat species. Regardless, the cats are bred in almost all coat colors and shades.
Character and Essence
One looks in vain for a small bundle of energy here. The Persian cat is characterized by its calm nature. She is a bit reserved, but still a lovable being. She doesn’t really think much of long walks, but she loves being caressed. All in all, a very cozy animal. And of course, like any other animal, it has its own mind. Even if they are a little cautious towards strangers at first, the Persians are still very people-related.
If you’re looking for an active, spirited cat, the Persian may not be the right choice. It is characterized by calm, pleasant behavior. The Persian cat may not have the greatest urge to move, but still wants to be kept busy. A diverse selection of suitable cat toys helps here .
The trusting, relaxed character is great as a family cat.
Husbandry and Nutrition
As already mentioned, the Persian cat is a rather comfortable companion without an enormous urge to move. It is therefore ideally suited for keeping in the apartment. She gets along relatively well with both children and other pets. It just needs to be given enough space where it can withdraw as needed.
In principle, the following applies to the diet of every animal: the higher quality, the better. Above all, you should pay attention to a balanced diet.
Expensive is not always good. But it shouldn’t be too cheap either. Especially cheap animal feed is known to have a very low meat content. The meat can even come in the form of slaughterhouse waste.
Cats need a lot of protein in their diet. The meat should also make up the main component of the feed . A meat content of around 60 percent is great. Since cats generally drink little by nature, they must not be fed exclusively with dry food. Always mix in enough wet food here.
The Persian cat is an extremely relaxed and frugal contemporary who can hardly be disturbed by anything. Her balanced nature makes her a very pleasant cat for everyone. Their need for freedom is very low compared to other cat breeds. Because of this, it is perfect as a house cat. The friendly cat loves to cuddle and cuddle because of its affectionate nature. However, it also has a mind of its own. Especially if something does not suit the Persian cat.
If you get your cat used to a consistent upbringing from an early age, the further course will also be relatively unproblematic.
If you want to buy a Persian cat, you should be aware of the time-consuming care of the fur. Pretty obvious if you look at their fur. The long fur tends to become matted and knotted. Therefore, it should definitely be brushed daily. Ideally, you will find time to do this once a day. It’s even better to get your cat used to it early on. If the long fur of the Persian cat is matted, the cat even has to be shorn. But don’t worry, the shaved fur will grow back quickly. The Persian cat also loses part of its fur on its own. During the coat change period, the cat loses an immense part of its mane despite combing and brushing.
A tip, cat grass and malt paste can help with the natural shedding of swallowed hair and also prevent constipation.
Due to the short nose, the Persian cat needs an additional cleaning of the eyes and the nose area. You can simply use a damp cloth for this, as chamomile tea can continue to irritate the area around the eye. The food intake of some Persian cats is also somewhat unusual. Because of the flat face, some cats are forced to ingest food with their tongues. Food with a pulpy consistency is therefore easier for them to eat than, for example, large chunks of meat.
Health and Typical Diseases
Although the history of the Persian cat goes back to problematic breeding, with good nutrition, good husbandry and intensive care, it can remain healthy for a relatively long time. However, as always, there are some exceptions. The breed is particularly prone to polycystic kidney disease and progressive retinal atrophy, a curvature of the retina that can even lead to complete blindness.
These diseases are all hereditary and illustrate the importance of choosing the right breeder. Because diseases can be recognized by looking at the family tree. Professional breeders have their breeding animals and their offspring tested for diseases at an early stage and, if necessary, exclude affected animals from breeding.
Life expectancy of the Persian Cat
Of course, you want your little one to live as long as possible. The average life expectancy of a Persian cat is around 13 to 18 years. Of course, this only applies under certain circumstances. Because then it can also happen that a Persian cat can live shorter, but also a little longer. It is also not uncommon for cats to live to be over 20 years old.
Unfortunately, pets can always get sick unexpectedly. But there are a few things you can do to counteract this.
So it is very important that you pay attention to your cat’s diet. As already mentioned, it is necessary to make the feed as healthy and balanced as possible. Make sure you have a high meat content and avoid additives such as sugar or flavor enhancers.
Although the Persian cat is not necessarily known for its urge to move around, but prefers to spend its time indoors, sufficient exercise is still very important. If your cat is given too much food, especially with a high energy content, it can happen that too little exercise can make them become overweight.
With its average age, the Persian cat is also in the rough average of all domestic cats. Whether the cat is outdoors or kept in the apartment also contributes to life expectancy.
Incidentally, cats that are kept indoors live about three to five years longer than outdoor cats.
Buy Persian Cat
Once you’ve decided on a Persian cat as your future pet, you have two options. Either you go to a breeder who can give you an insight into the family tree to determine possible diseases or you look around the animal shelter. There can be very different reasons why an animal is given to a shelter. It’s best to get your own picture and avoid prejudice.
There you have the opportunity to give the animals a better life.
The Persian cat is particularly suitable for people who like to spend a lot of time with their pet. Known for their cozy, affectionate nature, this breed of cats needs a lot of attention from you.
By nature, cats do not have an enormous urge to move and are therefore ideally suited as house cats. Nevertheless, you should make sure you get enough exercise to avoid being overweight. If you have chosen a cat as a pet, you are now responsible for its health. It is therefore important to pay attention to a healthy, balanced diet and to keep yourself busy with your cat.
An ample selection of cat toys and a scratching post are the ideal means of employment that you should absolutely have.
FAQ about the Persian Cat
Persian cats live on average 10-17 years old.
The price of a Persian cat is usually between 500 and 700 dollars.
A Persian cat is fully grown between about nine and twelve months of age.
Female Persians weigh between 3.5 and 6 kg, while male Persians can weigh up to 7 kg.
A Persian cat is fully grown between the ages of nine and twelve months and is therefore considered to be adult.
Gestation in cats usually lasts between 61 and 72 days.
First you should try to cut off the matted areas of fur with scissors. However, if the fur is so matted that cutting it off does not help, the areas should be sheared to prevent pain and fungus formation in the Persian cat.
A Persian cat costs between 500 and 700 dollars.